Diabetes can cause changes to the blood vessels inside the eyeball, leading to damage and loss of vision. Some forms of diabetic retinopathy just require monitoring, whilst more series changes can require treatment.
How is diabetic retinopathy treated?
If detected in the early stages, simply ensuring that your diabetes is well controlled can be sufficient. More advanced retinopathy may require laster surgery or injections into the eyeball to prevent further damage to your eyes in the future.
What causes diabetic retinopathy?
If you are diabetic and your blood sugar levels are too high, the blood vessels inside your eyes can become blocked or leaky over time.
How can I prevent diabetic retinopathy?
In addition to controlling your blood sugar and blood pressure levels effectively, you should attend a diabetic retinopathy screening clinic regularly. Other risk factors for this condition include being overweight, poor diet, smoking and lack of exercise.